The law providing for the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union was passed on Tuesday, after several months of bitter debates in the British Parliament.
Adopted last week by the British Parliament, the text, presented in July 2017 by the Conservative government of Theresa May, was signed by Queen Elizabeth, the Speaker of the House of Commons John Bercow announced on Tuesday morning, triggering cheers from Conservative MPs.
As an essential part of the implementation of Brexit, the law must allow for the United Kingdom to continue operating normally after its divorce from Brussels. Specifically, it will put an end to the supremacy of European law over national law and will incorporate into UK law those EU laws that London wishes to retain.
The law also confirms the official date of exit from the European Union as 29 March 2019, at 11 pm (London time, midnight in Brussels).
The text has had a tortuous history in Parliament since the beginning of its review in September, and the government has suffered a number of blunders in bringing the process to a conclusion, illustrating persistent divisions over the directions for Brexit.
The hardcore brexiteers celebrated its adoption as a guarantee that the United Kingdom would leave the European Union (EU), despite the uncertainty over the negotiations with Brussels.
The chances of a possible about face on the British decision to leave the EU are “now nil,” said Eurosceptic International Trade Minister Liam Fox, who said the law has paved the way “irrevocably” for Brexit.
For the influential Conservative MP Jacob Rees-Mogg, a supporter of an uncompromising Brexit, the end of this stormy legislative process means Theresa May will be able to continue negotiations with Brussels in a “much stronger” position.