Greek Police have identified three terrorist organisations operating in the country which they say have been responsible for a string of attacks against politicians and financial institutions, according to the Greek Reporter. The most recent attack targeted former prime minister Lucas Papademos who required hospital treatment last week after a letter bomb exploded as he read his post in the back of his car. No organisation has claimed responsibility for the bombing but it follows similar attempts made against the IMF in Paris and the German economy minister Wolfgang Schaeuble in Berlin last March. No group claimed responsibility for the explosive device sent to the IMF, which caused facial injuries to the secretary who opened it; however, the letter bomb sent to Schaeuble, which was intercepted in the mail department, was claimed by a group called the Conspiracy of Fire Cells. “We still have the rage. We sent the package to Germany’s finance minister as part of the second act of Nemesis Plan,” the group said in a statement posted online. “Nothing is over, everything continues.”
The Conspiracy of Fire Cells grew out of protests sparked by anger at the killing of Alexander Grigoropoulos, a 15-year-old student who was shot by police during a protest against austerity in 2008. Since then they have been linked to about 150 violent attacks, including a spate of letter bombs in 2010 that were sent to several foreign embassies in Athens as well as the then prime minister of France Nicolas Sarkozy and German Chancellor Angela Merkel.
Apart from the Conspiracy of Fire Cells, Greek Police have named two other violent groups as being active in Greece. One of the groups, called Revolutionary Struggle, is believed by police to be recruiting new members in prison, from where its leader Nikos Maziotis and his partner Paula Roupa are thought to orchestrate attacks. The other, The Revolutionary Self-Defence Group, have assumed responsibility for a number of audacious attacks over the last three years, including throwing a grenade at the French embassy in Athens and carrying out a drive by against riot police in Exarchia.
Greece is no stranger to left-wing violence. Between 1975 and 2001 a group called the Revolutionary Organisation 17 November – after the date of a student uprising against the military Junta in 1973 – waged a campaign of assassination, bombings and bank robberies that left 23 people dead. The new wave of anarchist revolutionaries tend to target officials and institutions connected with the harsh and ongoing austerity programme imposed on Greece in the wake of the Eurozone crisis in 2010.
Reporting by The Telegraph, The Guardian, Slate and Reuters